The face of animal cognition

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As an increasing number of researchers investigate the cognitive abilities of an ever‐wider range of animals, animal cognition is currently among the most exciting fields within animal behavior. Tinbergen would be proud: all four of his approaches are being pursued and we are learning much about how animals collect information and how they use that information to make decisions for their current and future states as well as what animals do not perceive or choose to ignore. Here I provide an overview of this productivity, alighting only briefly on any single example, to showcase the diversity of species, of approaches and the sheer mass of research effort currently under way. We are getting closer to understanding the minds of other animals and the evolution of cognition at an increasingly rapid rate.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-144
JournalIntegrative Zoology
Issue number2
Early online date24 Mar 2019
Publication statusPublished - 24 Mar 2019


  • Animal cognition
  • Comparative psychology
  • Tinbergern's four questions


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