The effects of freshwater to seawater transfer on circulating levels of angiotensin II, C-type natriuretic peptide and arginine vasotocin in the euryhaline elasmobranch, Carcharhinu's leucas

W. Gary Anderson, Richard D. Pillans, Susumu Hyodo, Takehiro Tsukada, Jonathan P. Good, Yoshio Takei, Craig E. Franklin, Neil Hazon

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the effect of transfer to increased environmental salinity on the circulating levels of angiotensin II (ANG II), C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP), and arginine vasotocin (AVT) in the euryhaline elasmobranch, Carcharhinus letteas. Plasma levels of ANG 11 and CNP were significantly increased in C. leucas chronically acclimated to seawater (SW) in comparison to freshwater (FW) acclimated fish. There was no difference in plasma AVT levels. Acute transfer of FW fish to 75% SW induced an increase in plasma ANG II levels within 12 h, and subsequent transfer from 75 to 100% SW further increased plasma ANG 11 levels at both 24 and 72 h. No change in plasma CNP was observed during acute transfer to increased salinity. However, a significant increase in plasma AVT levels was observed following 96 h in 75% SW and 24 h in 100% SW. In chronically SW acclimated C leucas plasma osmolality, sodium, chloride, and Urea were all significantly higher than FW acclimated fish but there was no difference in haematocrit. Acute transfer of C letteas to 75% SW induced a significant increase in plasma osmolality, sodium and urea concentrations within 96 h of transfer. Subsequent transfer from 75 to 100% SW induced a further increase in these variables within 24 h in addition to a significant increase in plasma chloride above control levels. Haematocrit did not differ between the experimental and control groups throughout the acute study. Circulating levels of ANG 11 were significantly correlated to plasma, sodium, chloride, and urea concentrations during acclimation to SW. Conversely, circulating levels of CNP and AVT did not correlate to plasma osmolytes, however, CNP was significantly correlated to haematocrit during acclimation to seawater. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-46
Number of pages8
JournalGeneral and Comparative Endocrinology
Volume147
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2006

Keywords

  • elasmobranch
  • euryhaline
  • bull shark
  • osmoregulation
  • endocrine
  • natriuretic
  • angiotensin
  • AVT
  • TROUT ONCORHYNCHUS-MYKISS
  • RECTAL GLAND
  • NEUROHYPOPHYSEAL HORMONES
  • SQUALUS-ACANTHIAS
  • ANGUILLA-JAPONICA
  • CHLORIDE SECRETION
  • ATLANTIC STINGRAY
  • UREA METABOLISM
  • DASYATIS-SABINA
  • NA+/K+-ATPASE

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