The effect of striatal dopamine depletion and the adenosine A2a antagonist KW-6002 on reversal learning in rats

M O'Neill, Verity Joy Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study assessed whether dopamine in the dorsomedial striatum is necessary for flexible adaptation to changes in stimulus-response contingencies. As KW-6002 (Istradefylline), an adenosine A(2A) antagonist, improves motor deficits resulting from striatal dopamine depletion, we also tested for potential ameliorative effects of KW-6002 on dopamine depletion-induced cognitive deficits. Male Lister hooded rats were presented with two bowls, discriminable by either a textured covering on the outer surface, their scent or the bowl contents (digging media) in which bait was buried. Once they had learned in which bowl food was buried, the stimulus-response contingencies were reversed. In both phases (acquisition and reversal), the criterion for learning was defined a priori as six consecutive correct trials. Following depletion of dopamine in the dorsomedial striatum, acquisition of the discriminations was intact but there was an increase in the number of trials to attain criterion performance in the reversal phases, indicating an impairment in reversal learning. KW-6002 (1 mg/kg bidaily for 10 days) non-specifically increased the number of trials to criterion at all stages of the test and in both controls (sham-operated) and dopamine-depleted rats. Chronic KW-6002 treatment did not improve the reversal deficits in dopamine-depleted rats. These findings suggest that dopamine transmission in the dorsomedial striatum is critical for the flexible shifting of response patterns and the ameliorative effects of KW-6002 following depletion of dopamine in the striatum may be restricted to motor functions without relieving deficits in response-shifting flexibility. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-81
Number of pages7
JournalNeurobiology of Learning and Memory
Volume88
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2007

Keywords

  • striatum
  • dopamine
  • adenosine
  • reversal learning
  • STIMULUS-RESPONSE HABIT
  • MPTP-TREATED MONKEYS
  • RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST
  • DORSAL STRIATUM
  • DISCRIMINATION TASK
  • DORSOMEDIAL STRIATUM
  • MEMORY-SYSTEMS
  • BEHAVIORAL FLEXIBILITY
  • DORSOLATERAL STRIATUM
  • PARKINSONS-DISEASE

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