The effect of burn injury on adolescents autobiographical memory

D Stokes, Barbara Dritschel, None Bekerian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


Autobiographical memory recall was investigated in two female adolescent groups; one group who had experienced a burn injury and a matched control group. The Burn group was not currently depressed or anxious, but scored significantly higher on the intrusion subscale of the impact of event scale compared to controls. Two autobiographical memory tasks, the autobiographical memory cueing task and the Children's Autobiographical Memory Inventory (CAMI), were used. For the cueing task, the Burn group was significantly slower to recall specific memories. This group also recalled significantly fewer specific memories and significantly more extended overgeneral memories. For the CAMI, the burns group produced significantly lower semantic and episodic recall. The Burn group also produced significant correlations between sub-scales of the impact of event scale and selected measures on the autobiographical memory tasks. Higher intrusion scores were associated with less detailed episodic recall. Higher avoidance scores were associated with longer latencies to recall memories to negative cue words and fewer specific memories to all cue words. These results are discussed from the perspective that the Burn group experienced intrusive thoughts which interfered with normal autobiographical functioning. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1357-1365
Number of pages9
JournalBehaviour Research and Therapy
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2004


  • autobiographical memory
  • trauma
  • burn injury
  • adolescence


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