The EBLM project – VIII. First results for M-dwarf mass, radius, and effective temperature measurements using CHEOPS light curves

M I Swayne, P F L Maxted, A H M J Triaud, S G Sousa, C Broeg, H-G Florén, P Guterman, A E Simon, I Boisse, A Bonfanti, D Martin, A Santerne, S Salmon, M R Standing, V Van Grootel, T G Wilson, Y Alibert, R Alonso, G Anglada Escudé, J AsquierT Bárczy, D Barrado, S C C Barros, M Battley, W Baumjohann, M Beck, T Beck, A Bekkelien, W Benz, N Billot, X Bonfils, A Brandeker, M-D Busch, J Cabrera, S Charnoz, A Collier Cameron, Sz Csizmadia, M B Davies, M Deleuil, A Deline, L Delrez, O D S Demangeon, B-O Demory, G Dransfield, D Ehrenreich, A Erikson, A Fortier, L Fossati, M Fridlund, D Futyan, D Gandolfi, M Gillon, M Guedel, G Hébrard, N Heidari, C Hellier, K Heng, M Hobson, S Hoyer, K G Isaak, L Kiss, V Kunovac Hodžić, S Lalitha, J Laskar, A Lecavelier des Etangs, M Lendl, C Lovis, D Magrin, L Marafatto, J McCormac, N Miller, V Nascimbeni, G Olofsson, R Ottensamer, I Pagano, E Pallé, G Peter, G Piotto, D Pollacco, D Queloz, R Ragazzoni, N Rando, H Rauer, I Ribas, N C Santos, G Scandariato, D Ségransan, A M S Smith, M Steinberger, M Steller, Gy M Szabó, N Thomas, S Udry, I Walter, N A Walton, E Willett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The accuracy of theoretical mass, radius, and effective temperature values for M-dwarf stars is an active topic of debate. Differences between observed and theoretical values have raised the possibility that current theoretical stellar structure and evolution models are inaccurate towards the low-mass end of the main sequence. To explore this issue, we use the CHEOPS satellite to obtain high-precision light curves of eclipsing binaries with low-mass stellar companions. We use these light curves combined with the spectroscopic orbit for the solar-type companion to measure the mass, radius, and effective temperature of the M-dwarf star. Here, we present the analysis of three eclipsing binaries. We use the pycheops data analysis software to fit the observed transit and eclipse events of each system. Two of our systems were also observed by the TESS satellite – we similarly analyse these light curves for comparison. We find consistent results between CHEOPS and TESS, presenting three stellar radii and two stellar effective temperature values of low-mass stellar objects. These initial results from our on-going observing programme with CHEOPS show that we can expect to have ∼24 new mass, radius, and effective temperature measurements for very low-mass stars within the next few years.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)306-322
Number of pages17
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number1
Early online date12 Jun 2021
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021


  • Techniques: photometric
  • Techniques: spectroscopic
  • Binaries: eclipsing
  • Stars: fundamental parameters
  • Stars: low-mass


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