The duplicity of the European Union Common Fisheries Policy in third countries: evidence from the Gulf of Guinea

Ifesinachi Okafor-Yarwood*, Dyhia Belhabib

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
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The 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) espouses the significance of fisheries and their contribution to food and economic security globally. It emphasises the need for the conservation of the ocean and the integrity of marine resources in the interest of future generations. Demonstrating an understanding of the need to implement the UNCLOS, the European Union (EU) introduced a Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) in 1983, later revised in 2013 effective from 2014. This paper discusses how the implementation of the EU's CFP is undermining the long-term food and economic security of highly vulnerable regions such as West and Central Africa. Focusing on examples from Liberia and Guinea Bissau, the paper elaborates further on how the EU fisheries subsidies, which are central to its Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreements (SFPA) with third countries, contradict the provisions of its CFP, as they continue to target fully exploited and overexploited species notwitstanding the declared commitment to sustainability. The current paper also provides evidence that uncovers the EU's selective application of its own regulations on preventing Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing thereby illuminating the extent of its duplicity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104953
Number of pages11
JournalOcean and Coastal Management
Early online date19 Oct 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2020


  • EU Common Fisheries Policy
  • Fisheries conflict
  • Gulf of Guinea
  • IUU regulation
  • Maximum sustainable yield


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