The discovery of WASP-151b, WASP-153b, WASP-156b: insights on giant planet migration and the upper boundary of the Neptunian desert

Olivier. D. S. Demangeon, F. Faedi, G. Hébrard, D. J. A. Brown, S. C. C. Barros, A. P. Doyle, P. F. L. Maxted, A. Collier Cameron, K. L. Hay, J. Alikakos, D. R. Anderson, D. J. Armstrong, P. Boumis, A. S. Bonomo, F. Bouchy, C. A. Haswell, C. Hellier, F. Kiefer, K. W. F. Lam, L. ManciniJ. McCormac, A. J. Norton, H. P. Osborn, E. Palle, F. Pepe, D. L. Pollacco, J. Prieto-Arranz, D. Queloz, D. Ségransan, B. Smalley, A. H. M. J. Triaud, S. Udry, R. West, P. J. Wheatley

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Abstract

To investigate the origin of the features discovered in the exoplanet population, the knowledge of exoplanets' mass and radius with a good precision is essential. In this paper, we report the discovery of three transiting exoplanets by the SuperWASP survey and the SOPHIE spectrograph with mass and radius determined with a precision better than 15 %. WASP-151b and WASP-153b are two hot Saturns with masses, radii, densities and equilibrium temperatures of 0.31^{+0.04}_{-0.03}MJ, 1.13^{+0.03}_{-0.03} RJ, 0.22^{-0.03}_{-0.02} ρJ and 1,290^{+20}_{-10} K, and 0.39^{+0.02}_{-0.02} MJ, 1.55^{+0.10}_{-0.08} RJ,0.11^{+0.02}_{-0.02} ρJ and 1, 700^{+40}_{-40} K, respectively. Their host stars are early G type stars (with magV ~ 13) and their orbital periods are 4.53 and 3.33 days, respectively. WASP-156b is a Super-Neptune orbiting a K type star (magV = 11.6) . It has a mass of 0.128^{+0.010}_{-0.009} MJ, a radius of 0.51^{+0.02}_{-0.02} RJ, a density of 1.0^{+0.1}_{-0.1} ρJ, an equilibrium temperature of 970^{+30}_{-20} K and an orbital period of 3.83 days. WASP-151b is slightly inflated, while WASP-153b presents a significant radius anomaly. WASP-156b, being one of the few well characterised Super-Neptunes, will help to constrain the formation of Neptune size planets and the transition between gas and ice giants. The estimates of the age of these three stars confirms the tendency for some stars to have gyrochronological ages significantly lower than their isochronalages. We propose that high eccentricity migration could partially explain this behaviour for stars hosting a short period planet. Finally, these three planets also lie close to (WASP-151b and WASP-153b) or below (WASP-156b) the upper boundary of the Neptunian desert. Their characteristics support that the ultra-violet irradiation plays an important role in this depletion of planets observed in the exoplanet population.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberA63
Number of pages19
JournalAstronomy & Astrophysics
Volume610
Early online date2 Mar 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Planetary and satellites: detection
  • Stars: individual: WASP-151, WASP-153, WASP-156
  • Techniques and radial velocities, photometric

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