The disappearing act: a dusty wind eclipsing RW Aur

I. Bozhinova, A. Scholz, G. Costigan, O. Lux, C. J. Davis, T. Ray, N. F. Boardman, K. L. Hay, T. Hewlett, G. Hodosán, B. Morton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

RW Aur is a young binary star that experienced a deep dimming in 2010-11in component A and a second even deeper dimming from summer 2014 to summer 2016. We present new unresolved multi-band photometry during the 2014-16 eclipse, new emission line spectroscopy before and during th dimming, archive infrared photometry between 2014-15, as well as an overview of literature data. Spectral observations were carried out witht he Fibre-fed RObotic Dual-beam Optical Spectrograph on the Liverpool Telescope. Photometric monitoring was done with the Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network and James Gregory Telescope. Ourphotometry shows that RW Aur dropped in brightness to R = 12.5 in March 2016. In addition to the long-term dimming trend, RW Aur is variable on time-scales as short as hours. The short-term variation is most likely due to an unstable accretion flow. This, combined with the presence of accretion-related emission lines in the spectra suggest that accretion flows in the binary system are at least partially visible during the eclipse. The equivalent width of [O I] increases by a factor of ten in 2014, coinciding with the dimming event, confirming previous reports.The blueshifted part of the Hα profile is suppressed during the eclipse. In combination with the increase in mid-infrared brightness during the eclipse reported in the literature and seen in WISE archival data, and constraints on the geometry of the disk around RW Aur A we arrive at the conclusion that the obscuring screen is part of a wind emanating from the inner disc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4459-4468
Number of pages10
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume463
Issue number4
Early online date14 Sept 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Dec 2016

Keywords

  • Eclipses
  • Stars: pre-main-sequence
  • Stars: variables: T Tauri, Herbig Ae/Be

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