The diagonal graph

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According to the O'Nan--Scott Theorem, a finite primitive permutation group either preserves a structure of one of three types (affine space, Cartesian lattice, or diagonal semilattice), or is almost simple. However, diagonal groups are a much larger class than those occurring in this theorem. For any positive integer m and group G (finite or infinite), there is a diagonal semilattice, a sub-semilattice of the lattice of partitions of a set Ω, whose automorphism group is the corresponding diagonal group. Moreover, there is a graph (the diagonal graph), bearing much the same relation to the diagonal semilattice and group as the Hamming graph does to the Cartesian lattice and the wreath product of symmetric groups.

Our purpose here, after a brief introduction to this semilattice and graph, is to establish some properties of this graph. The diagonal graph ΓD(G,m) is a Cayley graph for the group Gm, and so is vertex-transitive. We establish its clique number in general and its chromatic number in most cases, with a conjecture about the chromatic number in the remaining cases. We compute the spectrum of the adjacency matrix of the graph, using a calculation of the Möbius function of the diagonal semilattice. We also compute some other graph parameters and symmetry properties of the graph.

We believe that this family of graphs will play a significant role in algebraic graph theory.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)353-361
JournalJournal of the Ramanujan Mathematical Society
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 21 Dec 2021


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