The cost of parental care in Haplochromis 'argens' (Cichlidae)

Carl Smith*, Robert J. Wootton

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


The cost of parental care in the maternal, mouthbrooding cichlid, Haplochromis 'argens' was measured in terms of parental survival, fecundity and breeding frequency. In comparison with non-parental females, those that mouthbrooded eggs for a period of 16 days took 33 % longer to respawn. Parental females also grew more slowly between spawnings, and this may affect their future fecundity. These costs were attributed to the cessation of feeding by parental females while mouthbrooding and/or the hormonal inhibition of oogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-104
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Biology of Fishes
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 1994


  • Fish
  • Mouthbrooding
  • Parental investment
  • Uniparental care


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