The Completed SDSS-IV extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey: pairwise-inverse probability and angular correction for fibre collisions in clustering measurements

Faizan G Mohammad, Will J Percival, Hee-Jong Seo, Michael J Chapman, D Bianchi, Ashley J Ross, Cheng Zhao, Dustin Lang, Julian Bautista, Jonathan Brinkmann, Joel R Brownstein, Etienne Burtin, Chia-Hsun Chuang, Kyle S Dawson, Sylvain de la Torre, Arnaud de Mattia, Sarah Eftekharzadeh, Sebastien Fromenteau, Héctor Gil-Marín, Jiamin HouEva-Maria Mueller, Richard Neveux, Romain Paviot, Anand Raichoor, Graziano Rossi, Donald P Schneider, Amélie Tamone, Jeremy L Tinker, Rita Tojeiro, Mariana Vargas Magaña, Gong-Bo Zhao

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The completed extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (eBOSS) catalogues contain redshifts of 344 080 quasars at 0.8 < z < 2.2, 174 816 luminous red galaxies between 0.6 < z < 1.0, and 173 736 emission-line galaxies over 0.6 < z < 1.1 in order to constrain the expansion history of the Universe and the growth rate of structure through clustering measurements. Mechanical limitations of the fibre-fed spectrograph on the Sloan telescope prevent two fibres being placed closer than 62 arcsec in a single pass of the instrument. These ‘fibre collisions’ strongly correlate with the intrinsic clustering of targets and can bias measurements of the two-point correlation function resulting in a systematic error on the inferred values of the cosmological parameters. We combine the new techniques of pairwise-inverse probability and the angular upweighting (PIP+ANG) to correct the clustering measurements for the effect of fibre collisions. Using mock catalogues, we show that our corrections provide unbiased measurements, within data precision, of both the projected wp(rp) and the redshift-space multipole ξ(ℓ = 0, 2, 4)(s) correlation functions down to 0.1h−1Mpc⁠, regardless of the tracer type. We apply the corrections to the eBOSS DR16 catalogues. We find that, on scales s≳20h−1Mpcs≳20h−1Mpc for ξ, as used to make baryon acoustic oscillation and large-scale redshift-space distortion measurements, approximate methods such as nearest-neighbour upweighting are sufficiently accurate given the statistical errors of the data. Using the PIP method, for the first time for a spectroscopic program of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, we are able to successfully access the one-halo term in the clustering measurements down to ∼0.1h−1Mpc scales. Our results will therefore allow studies that use the small-scale clustering to strengthen the constraints on both cosmological parameters and the halo occupation distribution models.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128–143
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number1
Early online date11 Aug 2020
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020


  • Galaxies: distances and redshifts
  • Large-scale structure of Universe
  • Cosmology: observations


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