The comparative genomics and complex population history of Papio baboons

Jeffrey Rogers*, Muthuswamy Raveendran, R. Alan Harris, Thomas Mailund, Kalle Leppälä, Georgios Athanasiadis, Mikkel Heide Schierup, Jade Cheng, Kasper Munch, Jerilyn A. Walker, Miriam K. Konkel, Vallmer Jordan, Cody J. Steely, Thomas O. Beckstrom, Christina Bergey, Andrew Burrell, Dominik Schrempf, Angela Noll, Maximillian Kothe, Gisela H. KoppYue Liu, Shwetha Murali, Konstantinos Billis, Fergal J. Martin, Matthieu Muffato, Laura Cox, James Else, Todd Disotell, Donna M. Muzny, Jane Phillips-conroy, Bronwen Aken, Evan E. Eichler, Tomas Marques-bonet, Carolin Kosiol, Mark A. Batzer, Matthew W. Hahn, Jenny Tung, Dietmar Zinner, Christian Roos, Clifford J. Jolly, Richard A. Gibbs, Kim C. Worley

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

97 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Recent studies suggest that closely related species can accumulate substantial genetic and phenotypic differences despite ongoing gene flow, thus challenging traditional ideas regarding the genetics of speciation. Baboons (genus Papio) are Old World monkeys consisting of six readily distinguishable species. Baboon species hybridize in the wild, and prior data imply a complex history of differentiation and introgression. We produced a reference genome assembly for the olive baboon (Papio anubis) and whole-genome sequence data for all six extant species. We document multiple episodes of admixture and introgression during the radiation of Papio baboons, thus demonstrating their value as a model of complex evolutionary divergence, hybridization, and reticulation. These results help inform our understanding of similar cases, including modern humans, Neanderthals, Denisovans, and other ancient hominins.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbereaau6947
Number of pages15
JournalScience Advances
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2019

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