The classification of partition homogeneous groups with applications to semigroup theory

Jorge André, Joāo Araúo, Peter Jephson Cameron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Let λ=(λ12,...) be a partition of n, a sequence of positive integers in non-increasing order with sum n. Let Ω:={1,...,n}. An ordered partition P=(A1,A2,...) of Ω has type λ if |Ai|=λi.Following Martin and Sagan, we say that G is λ-transitive if, for any two ordered partitions P=(A1,A2,...) and Q=(B1,B2,...) of Ω of type λ, there exists g ∈ G with Aig=Bi for all i. A group G is said to be λ-homogeneous if, given two ordered partitions P and Q as above, inducing the sets P'={A1,A2,...} and Q'={B1,B2,...}, there exists g ∈ G such that P'g=Q'. Clearly a λ-transitive group is λ-homogeneous.The first goal of this paper is to classify the λ-homogeneous groups (Theorems 1.1 and 1.2). The second goal is to apply this classification to a problem in semigroup theory.Let Tn and Sn denote the transformation monoid and the symmetric group on Ω, respectively. Fix a group H<=Sn. Given a non-invertible transformation a in Tn-Sn and a group G<=Sn, we say that (a,G) is an H-pair if the semigroups generated by {a} ∪ H and {a} ∪ G contain the same non-units, that is, {a,G}\G= {a,H}\H. Using the classification of the λ-homogeneous groups we classify all the Sn-pairs (Theorem 1.8). For a multitude of transformation semigroups this theorem immediately implies a description of their automorphisms, congruences, generators and other relevant properties (Theorem 8.5). This topic involves both group theory and semigroup theory; we have attempted to include enough exposition to make the paper self-contained for researchers in both areas. The paper finishes with a number of open problems on permutation and linear groups.
Original language English 288-310 Journal of Algebra 452 4 Feb 2016 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jalgebra.2015.12.025 Published - 15 Apr 2016

Keywords

• Transformation semigroups
• Permutation groups
• Primitive groups
• Lambda-transitive
• GAP

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