The circle of life: a cross-cultural comparison of children's attribution of life-cycle traits

Emily Rachel Reed Burdett, Justin L Barrett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Do children attribute mortality and other life-cycle traits to all minded beings? The present study examined whether culture influences young children's ability to conceptualize and differentiate human beings from supernatural beings (such as God) in terms of life-cycle traits. Three-to-5-year-old Israeli and British children were questioned whether their mother, a friend, and God would be subject to various life-cycle processes: Birth, death, ageing, existence/longevity, and parentage. Children did not anthropomorphize but differentiated among human and supernatural beings, attributing life-cycle traits to humans, but not to God. Although 3-year-olds differentiated significantly among agents, 5-year-olds attributed correct life-cycle traits more consistently than younger children. The results also indicated some cross-cultural variation in these attributions. Implications for biological conceptual development are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)276-290
Number of pages15
JournalBritish Journal of Developmental Psychology
Volume34
Issue number2
Early online date31 Dec 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016

Keywords

  • Cognitive development
  • Folk biology
  • Cultural learning
  • Cross-cultural comparisons
  • Naïve biology
  • Reasoning
  • Anthropomorphism

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