The campaign of shaykh djunayd safawī against trebizond (1456 AD/860 H)

Rustam Shukurov*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Trebizond, on the southern coast of the Black Sea is separated by the distance of nearly one thousand kilometres from Ardabīl, the native town of Safawids, situated not far from the Caspian Sea. Despite that, in the midst of the 15th century fate amazingly brought together two royal families: the Grand Komnenoi of Trebizond and the Safawids of Iran. Shāh Ismācīl (1501-1524), the founder of the Safawid state was born in 1487/892 of alimabegum, the daughter of the Trepezuntine despoina Theodora and the Aq Quyunlu ruler Uzun asan (1457-1478). Shaykh Djunayd afawī (d. 1460), the grandfather of Shāh Ismācīl, had nearly seized the city of Trebizond, about thirty years before the birth of his famous grandson. The Trapezuntine nobles left their sovereigns, the emperor John IV (1429-1459) and, likely, his sister Theodora, the future wife of Uzun asan and grandmother of Ismācīl. Trebizond remained unprotected and, if Shaykh Djunayd were more persistent in his attempts to capture the city, who knows what would be the future of both celebrated dynasties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-140
Number of pages14
JournalByzantine and Modern Greek Studies
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1993


Dive into the research topics of 'The campaign of shaykh djunayd safawī against trebizond (1456 AD/860 H)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this