The black hole X-ray transient Swift J1357.2-0933 as seen with Swift and NuSTAR during its 2017 outburst

Aru Beri, B. E. Tetarenko, A. Bahramian, Diego Altamirano, Poshak Gandhi, G. R. Sivakoff, N. Degenaar, M. J. Middleton, R. Wijnands, J. V. Hernández Santisteban, John A. Paice

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15 Citations (Scopus)


We report on observations of black hole Swift J1357.2–0933, a member of the modest population of very faint X-ray transients. This source has previously shown intense dips in the optical light curve, a phenomena that has been linked to the existence of a ‘unique toroidal structure’ in the inner region of the disc, seen at a high inclination. Our observations, carried out by the Neil Gehrels Swift and NuSTAR X-ray observatories, do not show the presence of intense dips in the optical light curves. We find that the X-ray light curves do not show any features that would straightforwardly support an edge-on configuration or high inclination configuration of the orbit. This is similar to what was seen in the X-ray observations of the source during its 2011 outburst. Moreover, the broad-band spectra were well described with an absorbed power-law model without any signatures of cut-off at energies above 10 keV, or any reflection from the disc or the putative torus. Thus, the X-ray data do not support the unique ‘obscuring torus’ scenario proposed for J1357. We also performed a multiwavelength study using the data of X-ray telescope and Ultraviolet/Optical Telescope aboard Swift, taken during the ∼4.5 months duration of the 2017 outburst. This is consistent with what was previously inferred for this source. We found a correlation between the simultaneous X-ray and ultraviolet/optical data and our study suggests that most of the reprocessed flux must be coming out in the ultraviolet.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3064-3075
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number3
Early online date2 Mar 2019
Publication statusPublished - May 2019


  • Accretion
  • Accretion discs
  • Black hole physics
  • Stars: black holes
  • X-rays: binaries
  • X-rays: individual: Swift J1357.2-0933


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