The associations among dental anxiety, self-esteem, and oral health-related quality of life in children: a cross-sectional study

Amjad Alharbi*, Gerry Humphris, Ruth Freeman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Background: The current evidence on the relationships among child oral health-related quality of life, dental anxiety, and self-esteem indicates that we need to investigate these relationships to improve our understanding of the associations. Therefore, the current research aimed to enhance this evidence and provide an overview of the participating children’s oral-health-related quality of life (as measured by the CPQ8–10), self-esteem (as measured by the Coopersmith SEI-SF), and dental anxiety (as measured by the CFSS_DS) and how these child-related outcome measures interacted and were related to one another. Method: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on a random sample of school children (n = 1900) aged 8 to 10 years. The questionnaire was collected through validated self-report measures: dental anxiety, COHRQoL, and self-esteem. Structural equation modelling (SEM) was used to test the strength of the association of our model to explore the relationships among these three psychological constructs. The moderating effects of age, gender, location, and the educational board were analysed for their possible influence on these relationships. Results: Significant relationships between COHRQoL and child dental anxiety and between COHRQoL and SE were detected. The relationship subscale between COHRQoL and child dental anxiety was 0.24, (p < 0.001). A stronger correlation between COHRQoL, and SE was found, with B = −0.77, (p < 0.001). Although the association between CDA and SE was small, it was statistically significant (p = 0.03). These findings provide some important background information for designing effective educational programs for children.
Original languageEnglish
Article number179
Number of pages10
JournalDentistry Journal
Volume11
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jul 2023

Keywords

  • Dental anxiety
  • Self-esteem
  • Child oral health-related quality of life
  • Child
  • Adolescents

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