The Annandagstoppane Granite, East Antarctica: Evidence for Archaean Intracrustal Recycling in the Kaapvaal-Grunehogna Craton from Zircon O and Hf Isotopes

Horst R. Marschall, Chris J. Hawkesworth, Craig D. Storey, Bruno Dhuime, Philip T. Leat, Hans-Peter Meyer, Sune Tamm-Buckle

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    57 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The Grunehogna Craton (GC, East Antarctica) is interpreted as part of the Archaean Kaapvaal Craton of southern Africa prior to Gondwana breakup. The basement of the GC is exposed only within a small area comprising the dominantly leucocratic Annandagstoppane (ADT) S-type granite. The granite (and hence the craton) has been dated previously only by Rb-Sr and Pb-Pb mica and whole-rock methods. Here, the crystallization age of the granite is determined to be 3067 +/- 8 Ma by U-Pb dating of zircon. This age is coeval with that of granitoids and volcanic rocks in the Swaziland and Witwatersrand blocks of the Kaapvaal Craton. Inherited grains in the ADT granite have ages of up to 3433 +/- 7 Ma, and are the first evidence of Palaeoarchaean basement in Dronning Maud Land. The age spectrum of the inherited grains reflects well-known tectono-magmatic events in the Kaapvaal Craton and forms important evidence for the connection of the GC to the Kaapvaal Craton for at least 2 center dot 5 billion years and probably longer. Whole-rock chemistry and zircon O isotopes demonstrate a supracrustal sedimentary source for the granite, and Hf model ages show that at least two or three crustal sources contributed to the magma with model ages of similar to 3 center dot 50, similar to 3 center dot 75 and possibly similar to 3 center dot 90 Ga. The 3 center dot 1 Ga granites covering similar to 60% of the outcrop area of the Kaapvaal-Grunehogna Craton played a major role in the mechanical stabilization of the continental crust during the establishment of the craton in the Mesoarchaean. Combined zircon Hf-O isotope data and the lack of juvenile additions to the crust in the Mesoarchaean strongly suggest that crustal melting and granite formation was caused by the deep burial of clastic sediments and subsequent incubational heating of the crust. Intracrustal recycling of this type may be an important process during cratonization and the long-term stabilization of continental crust.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2277-2301
    Number of pages25
    JournalJournal of Petrology
    Volume51
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'The Annandagstoppane Granite, East Antarctica: Evidence for Archaean Intracrustal Recycling in the Kaapvaal-Grunehogna Craton from Zircon O and Hf Isotopes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this