The 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey: the amplitudes of fluctuations in the 2dFGRS and the CMB, and implications for galaxy biasing

O Lahav, S L Bridle, W J Percival, J A Peacock, G Efstathiou, C M Baugh, J Bland-Hawthorn, T Bridges, R Cannon, S Cole, M Colless, C Collins, W Couch, G Dalton, R De Propris, S P Driver, R S Ellis, C S Frenk, K Glazebrook, C JacksonI Lewis, S Lumsden, S Maddox, D S Madgwick, S Moody, P Norberg, B A Peterson, W Sutherland, K Taylor

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173 Citations (Scopus)


We compare the amplitudes of fluctuations probed by the 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey (2dFGRS) and by the latest measurements of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropies. By combining the 2dFGRS and CMB data, we find the linear-theory rms mass fluctuations in 8 h (-1) Mpc spheres to be sigma (8m) =0.73+/-0.05 (after marginalization over the matter density parameter Omega(m) and three other free parameters). This normalization is lower than the COBE normalization and previous estimates from cluster abundance, but it is in agreement with some revised cluster abundance determinations. We also estimate the scale-independent bias parameter of present-epoch L (s) =1.9L * APM-selected galaxies to be b (L (s) ,z =0)=1.10+/-0.08 on comoving scales of 0.02<k <0.15 h Mpc(-1). If luminosity segregation operates on these scales, L * galaxies would be almost unbiased, b (L (*) , z =0)approximate to0.96. These results are derived by assuming a flat LambdaCDM Universe, and by marginalizing over other free parameters and fixing the spectral index n =1 and the optical depth due to reionization tau =0. We also study the best-fitting pair (Omega(m) , b ), and the robustness of the results to varying n and tau . Various modelling corrections can each change the resulting b by 5-15 per cent. The results are compared with other independent measurements from the 2dFGRS itself, and from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), cluster abundance and cosmic shear.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)961-968
Number of pages8
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2002


  • surveys
  • galaxies : general
  • galaxies : statistics
  • cosmic microwave background
  • cosmology : miscellaneous
  • MAXIMA-1


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