The 2dF galaxy redshift survey: clustering properties of radio galaxies

M Magliocchetti, S J Maddox, E Hawkins, J A Peacock, J Bland-Hawthorn, T Bridges, R Cannon, S Cole, M Colless, C Collins, W Couch, G Dalton, R de Propris, S P Driver, G Efstathiou, R S Ellis, C S Frenk, K Glazebrook, C A Jackson, B JonesO Lahav, I Lewis, S Lumsden, P Norberg, B A Peterson, W Sutherland, K Taylor, 2dFGRS Team

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48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The clustering properties of local, S-1.4 GHz greater than or equal to 1 mJy, radio sources are investigated for a sample of 820 objects drawn from the joint use of the Faint Images of the Radio Sky at 20 cm (FIRST) and 2dF Galaxy Redshift surveys. To this aim, we present 271 new b(J) less than or equal to19.45 spectroscopic counterparts of FIRST radio sources to be added to those already introduced in our previous paper. The two-point correlation function for the local radio population is found to be entirely consistent with estimates obtained for the whole sample of 2dFGRS galaxies. From measurements of the redshift-space correlation function xi(s) we derive a redshift-space clustering length s(0) = 10.7(-0.7)(+0.8) Mpc, while from the projected correlation function Xi(r(T)) we estimate the parameters of the real-space correlation function (r) = (rlro)-Y, ro = 6.7+0.9 Mpc and gamma = 1.6 +/- 0.1, where h = 0.7 is assumed. Different results are instead obtained if we only consider sources that present signatures of active galactic nucleus (AGN) activity in their spectra. These objects are shown to be very strongly correlated, with ro = 10-9+- 2 Mpc and gamma = 2 +/- 0.1, a steeper slope than has been claimed in other recent works. No difference is found in the clustering properties of radio-AGNs of different radio luminosity. Comparisons with models for xi(r) show that AGN-fuelled sources reside in dark matter haloes more massive than similar to10(13.4) M-circle dot higher than the corresponding figure for radio-quiet quasi-stellar objects. This value can be converted into a minimum black hole mass associated with radio-loud, AGN-fuelled objects of M-BH(min) similar to10(9) M-circle dot. The above results then suggest - at least for relatively faint radio objects - the existence of a threshold black hole mass associated with the onset of significant radio activity such as that of radio-loud AGNs; however, once the activity is triggered, there appears to be no evidence for a connection between black hole mass and level of radio output.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1485-1494
Number of pages10
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume350
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2004

Keywords

  • galaxies : active
  • galaxies : distances and redshifts
  • galaxies : starburst
  • galaxies : statistics
  • cosmology : observations
  • radio continuum : galaxies
  • ANGULAR-CORRELATION FUNCTION
  • BLACK-HOLE MASSES
  • ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI
  • EMISSION-LINE GALAXIES
  • VLA SKY SURVEY
  • LUMINOSITY FUNCTION
  • HOST GALAXIES
  • SPECTRAL TYPE
  • 1ST SURVEY
  • QUASARS

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