Temporal dynamics of Na/K pump mediated memory traces: insights from conductance-based models of Drosophila neurons

Obinna F. Megwa, Leila May Pascual, Cengiz Günay, Stefan R. Pulver*, Astrid A. Prinz*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Sodium potassium ATPases (Na/K pumps) mediate long-lasting, dynamic cellular memories that can last tens of seconds. The mechanisms controlling the dynamics of this type of cellular memory are not well understood and can be counterintuitive. Here, we use computational modeling to examine how Na/K pumps and the ion concentration dynamics they influence shape cellular excitability. In a Drosophila larval motor neuron model, we incorporate a Na/K pump, a dynamic intracellular Na+ concentration, and a dynamic Na+ reversal potential. We probe neuronal excitability with a variety of stimuli, including step currents, ramp currents, and zap currents, then monitor the sub- and suprathreshold voltage responses on a range of time scales. We find that the interactions of a Na+-dependent pump current with a dynamic Na+ concentration and reversal potential endow the neuron with rich response properties that are absent when the role of the pump is reduced to the maintenance of constant ion concentration gradients. In particular, these dynamic pump-Na+ interactions contribute to spike rate adaptation and result in long-lasting excitability changes after spiking and even after sub-threshold voltage fluctuations on multiple time scales. We further show that modulation of pump properties can profoundly alter a neuron’s spontaneous activity and response to stimuli by providing a mechanism for bursting oscillations. Our work has implications for experimental studies and computational modeling of the role of Na/K pumps in neuronal activity, information processing in neural circuits, and the neural control of animal behavior.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages18
JournalFrontiers in Neuroscience
Volume17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 May 2023

Keywords

  • Sodium equilibrium potential
  • Motor neuron
  • Drosophila larvae
  • Intrinsic excitability
  • Sodium potassium pump

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