Teleconsultation in health and social care professions education: a systematic review

Lisa Wetzlmair*, Veronica O'Carroll, Andrew Stephen O'Malley, Stuart William Murray

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Introduction
Teleconsultation education in health care and social work education is under-reported. However, literature indicates that educating the workforce in teleconsultation skills is essential to continue with safe, high-quality delivery of services and increases the likelihood of implementing teleconsultations in health care. Training for students should, therefore, be encouraged. This systematic literature review aims to investigate global experiences of teleconsultation training in undergraduate health care and social work education.

Methods
A systematic review of peer-reviewed literature was undertaken. The review was guided by the Joanna Briggs Institute guidelines. Electronic databases were searched for eligible evidence. Studies were included only if they described and evaluated teleconsultation education for undergraduate health care and social work students.

Results/Discussion
This review shows that mandatory education in teleconsultation is limited in undergraduate health care and social work education. Narrative synthesis and analysis of 14 studies led to the development of two themes: pedagogical aspects, and perspectives on telecommunication and teleconsultation learning and teaching. Practical experiences with simulated patients or during clinical placements with real patients were the most common mode of delivery. Feedback on teleconsultation education was generally positive; overall, health care students felt more confident using teleconsultation and valued safety of learning through simulation.

Conclusion
Teleconsultation education is a legitimate way to expose students to telehealth. High satisfaction rates, increased knowledge and confidence in use indicate the positive impact this learning has on students. Nevertheless, further high-quality research and guidance for educators are warranted.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13519
Number of pages13
JournalThe Clinical Teacher
Volume19
Issue number5
Early online date27 Jul 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2022

Keywords

  • Humans
  • Learning
  • Remote consultation
  • Social support
  • Students

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