Tectal afferents monosynaptically activate neurons in the pigeon isthmo-optic nucleus.

Wenchang Li, J Hu, S.-R. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Postsynaptic responses of 105 neurons in brain slices were intracellularly recorded from the isthmo-optic nucleus (ION) in pigeons, and 18 of these neurons were labeled with Lucifer yellow. Excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) or spikes were produced in 93 cells, inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (IPSPs) in 10 cells, and EPSPs followed by IPSPs in two cells following electrical stimulation of the tecto-isthmooptic tract. The EPSPs occurred in an all-or-none fashion, with short latencies (1.3 +/- 0.6 ms). Repetitive stimulation increased their amplitude and duration, demonstrating that temporal summation was involved. Neurons producing excitatory responses were distributed throughout cellular layers of the nucleus. Pure IPSPs had a latency of 3.9 +/- 2.3 ms, and cells that responded in this manner were only distributed in the rostral portion of the nucleus. In the remaining two cells with EPSP-IPSP responses, the latency of excitatory responses was 1.5 ms in one cell and 1.4 ms in the other, and that of inhibitory responses was, respectively, 5.1 and 4.1 ms. Thus, it appeared that excitation was monosynaptic, whereas inhibition may be polysynaptic. Four single injections resulted in dye-coupled labeling, and two pairs of closely apposed cells fired spikes, probably resulting from spatial summation of their excitatory responses. The present study suggests that tectal cells directly activate ION neurons and that tectal fibers contact isthmo-optic neurons in a one-to-one fashion. Taken together with previous studies, it appears that the entire tecto-ION-retinal pathway is excitatory. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-208
Number of pages6
JournalBrain Research Bulletin
Volume49
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1999

Keywords

  • brain slice
  • intracellular recording
  • isthmo-optic nucleus
  • lucifer yellow
  • optic tectum
  • pigeon
  • RETROGRADE TRANSNEURONAL TRANSPORT
  • RHODAMINE BETA-ISOTHIOCYANATE
  • RECEPTIVE FIELD PROPERTIES
  • CENTRIFUGAL VISUAL-SYSTEM
  • RETINAL GANGLION-CELLS
  • AVIAN RETINA
  • COLUMBA-LIVIA
  • QUAIL RETINA
  • PROJECTIONS
  • PATHWAYS

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