Synthesis of N-substituted 3-(2-aryl-2-oxoethyl)-3-hydroxyindolin-2-ones and their conversion to N-substituted (E)-3-(2-aryl-2-oxoethylidene)indolin-2-ones: synthetic sequence, spectroscopic characterization and structures of four 3-hydroxy compounds and five oxoethylidene products

Diana Becerra, Juan Castillo, Braulio Insuasty, Justo Cobo, Christopher Glidewell

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Abstract

An operationally simple and time-efficient approach has been developed for the synthesis of racemic N-substituted 3-(2-aryl-2-oxoeth­yl)-3-hy­droxy­indolin-2-ones by a piperidine-catalysed aldol reaction between aryl methyl ketones and N-alkyl­isatins. These aldol products were used successfully as strategic inter­mediates for the preparation of N-substituted (E)-3-(2-hetaryl-2-oxo­ethyl­idene)indolin-2-ones by a stereoselective dehydration reaction under acidic conditions. The products have all been fully characterized by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, by mass spectrometry and, for a representative selection, by crystal structure analysis. In each of (RS)-1-benzyl-3-hy­droxy-3-[2-(4-meth­oxy­phen­yl)-2-oxoeth­yl]indolin-2-one, C24H21NO4, (Ic), and (RS)-1-benzyl-3-{2-[4-(di­methyl­amino)­phen­yl]-2-oxoeth­yl}-3-hy­droxy­indolin-2-one, C25H24N2O3, (Id), inversion-related pairs of mol­ecules are linked by O—H⋯O hydrogen bonds to form R22(10) rings, which are further linked into chains of rings by a combination of C—H⋯O and C—H⋯π(arene) hydrogen bonds in (Ic) and by C—H⋯π(arene) hydrogen bonds in (Id). The mol­ecules of (RS)-1-benzyl-3-hy­droxy-3-[2-oxo-2-(pyridin-4-yl)eth­yl]indolin-2-one, C22H18N2O3, (Ie), are linked into a three-dimensional framework structure by a combination of O—H⋯N, C—H⋯O and C—H⋯π(arene) hydrogen bonds. (RS)-3-[2-(Benzo[d][1,3]dioxol-5-yl)-2-oxoeth­yl]-1-benzyl-3-hy­droxy­indolin-2-one, C24H19NO5, (If), crystallizes with Z′ = 2 in the space group P and the mol­ecules are linked into com­plex sheets by a combination of O—H⋯O, C—H⋯O and C—H⋯π(arene) hydro­gen bonds. In each of (E)-1-benzyl-3-[2-(4-fluoro­phen­yl)-2-oxo­ethyl­idene]indolin-2-one, C23H16FNO2, (IIa), and (E)-1-benzyl-3-[2-oxo-2-(thiophen-2-yl)ethylidene]indolin-2-one, C21H15NO2S, (IIg), the mol­ecules are linked into simple chains by a single C—H⋯O hydrogen bond, while those of (E)-1-benzyl-3-[2-oxo-2-(pyridin-4-yl)ethyl­idene]indolin-2-one, C22H16N2O2, (IIe), are linked by three C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds to form sheets which are further linked into a three-dimensional structure by C—H⋯π(arene) hydrogen bonds. There are no hydrogen bonds in the structures of either (E)-1-benzyl-3-[2-(4-meth­oxy­phen­yl)-2-oxo­ethyl­idene]indolin-2-one, C24H19NO3, (IIc), or (E)-1-benzyl-5-chloro-3-[2-(4-chloro­phen­yl)-2-oxo­ethyl­idene]indolin-2-one, C23H15Cl2NO2, (IIh), but the mol­ecules of (IIh) are linked into chains of π-stacked dimers by a combination of C—Cl⋯π(arene) and aromatic π–π stacking inter­action
Original languageEnglish
Article numberC76
Number of pages13
JournalActa Crystallographica Section C Structural Chemistry
Volume76
Issue number5
Early online date20 Apr 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • Synthesis
  • Heterocyclic compounds
  • Isatin
  • 3-hydroxyindolinone
  • Molecular structure
  • Hydrogen bonding
  • Supramolecular assembly
  • Crystal structure

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