Synthesis, characterization and reactivity of N-heterocyclic carbene gold(III) complexes

Pierre de Fremont, Rohit Singh, Edwin D. Stevens, Jeffrey L. Petersen, Steven Patrick Nolan

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171 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of (NHC)(AuCl)-Cl-I (1 NHC = N,N'-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imidazol-2-ylidene (IPr); 2, NHC = N,N'-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)imidazol-2-ylidene (IMes); 3, NHC = N,N'-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imidazolin-2-ylidene (SIPr); 4, NHC = N,N'-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)imidazolin-2-ylidene (SIMes); 5, NHC = N,N'-dicyclohexylimidazol-2-ylidene (ICy); 6, NHC = N,N'-diadamantylimidazol-2-ylidene (IAd); 7, NHC = N,N'-di-tert-butylimidazol-2-ylidene ((IBu)-Bu-t)) complexes were reacted with LiBr to generate [(IPr)AuBr] (8), [(IMes)AuBr] (9), [(SIPr)AuBr] (10), [(SIMes)AuBr] (11), [(ICy)AuBr] (12), [(IAd)AuBr] (13), and [((IBu)-Bu-t)AuBr] (14). These (NHC)(AuBr)-Br-I complexes undergo oxidative addition of elemental bromine, leading to the new Au(III) complexes [(IPr)AuBr3] (15), [(IMes)AuBr3] (16), [(SIPr)AuBr3] (17), [(SIMes)AuBr3] (18), [(ICy)AuBr3] (19), [(IAd)AuBr3] (20), and [((IBu)-Bu-t)AuBr3] (21). Complete characterization by NMR spectroscopy and single-crystal X-ray diffraction were performed in order to discern structural differences between organogold(I/III) congeners. A preliminary study examining the activity of (NHC)Au-III species on the addition of water to alkynes is also presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1376-1385
Number of pages10
JournalOrganometallics
Volume26
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Mar 2007

Keywords

  • GOLD-CATALYZED CYCLOISOMERIZATION
  • HIGHLY EFFICIENT
  • MOLECULAR-STRUCTURE
  • CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE
  • OXIDATIVE ADDITION
  • ALKYNES
  • LIGAND
  • ENYNES
  • AU
  • FUNCTIONALIZATION

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