Synthesis and coordination studies of new aminoalcohol functionalized tertiary phosphines

SE Durran, MB Smith, Alexandra Martha Zoya Slawin, T Gelbrich, MB Hursthouse, ME Light

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Abstract

The synthesis of two new aminoalcohol functionalized tertiary phosphines o-Ph2PCH2N(H)C6H4(OH) (I) and o-Ph2PCH2N(H)C6H4(CH2OH) (II) are reported. Oxidation with aqueous H2O2 gave the corresponding phosphine oxides o-Ph2P(O)CH2N(H)C6H4(OH) (III) and o-Ph2P(O)CH2N(H)C6H4(CH2OH) (IV) (P-31 NMR evidence only). The ligating ability of I, II and, in several cases, the known ligand 2,3-Ph2PCH2N(H)C5H3N(OH) (V), was investigated with a range of late transition-metal precursors. Accordingly, reaction of 2 equiv of I (or II) with [MCl2(cod)] (M = Pd or Pt, cod = cycloocta-1,5-diene) gave the corresponding dichloro metal(II) complexes [MCl2(I)(2)] (M = Pd 1; M = Pt 2) and [MCl2(II)(2)] (M = Pd 3; M = Pt 4) in which I (and II) P-coordinate. Solution NMR studies reveal that 2 and 4 are exclusively cis whereas 1 and 3 are present as a mixture of cis and (or) trans isomers [4.7:1 (for 1); 2.2:1 (for 3)]. Reaction of 2 equiv of II with [Pt(CH3)(2)(cod)] gave the neutral complex [Pt(CH3)(2)(II)(2)] (5) whose X-ray structure confirmed a cis disposition of "hybrid" ligands. In contrast, reaction of I with [Pt(CH3)(2)(cod)] gave initially [Pt(CH3)(2)(I)(2)] (6) which, upon standing, afforded several products possibly reflecting an increased acidity of the phenolic groups of ligated I. Chloro bridge cleavage reactions of [{Ru(mu -Cl)Cl(p-cymene)}(2)] or [{Rh(mu -Cl)Cl{C-5(CH3)(5)}}(2)] with I (or II) proceeds smoothly and gave the mononuclear complexes [RuCl2(p-cymene)I] (7), [RuCl2(p-cymene)II] (8), [RhCl2{C-5(CH3)(5)}I] (9), and [RhCl2{C-5(CH3)(5)}II] (10) in good yield. X-ray crystallography confirms both ruthenium complexes bear P-coordinated I (or II) ligands. Molecules of 7 are linked into linear chains via O-H . . . Cl-coord intermolecular hydrogen bonding, a feature absent in the closely related compound 8. Reaction of [AuCl(tht)] (tht = tetrahydrothiophene) with 1 equiv of I (or II) gave the corresponding gold(I) complexes [AuCl(I)] (11) and [AuCl(II)] (12). Bridge cleavage of the cyclometallated palladium(II) dimers [{Pd(mu -Cl)(C similar toN)}(2)] [C similar toN = C,N-C6H4CH2N(CH3)(2), C,N-C10H6N(CH3)(2), C,N-C6H4N=NC6H5] with V (or I) gave the neutral complexes [PdCl(C similar toN)V] (13-15) (or [PdCl(C9H12N)I] (16)), respectively. Chloride abstraction from 13 (or 15) with Ag[BF4] gave the cationic complexes [Pd(C similar toN)V][BF4] (17) (or 18) in which V P,N-pyridyl-chelates to the palladium(II) metal centre. The X-ray structures of 13 and 18 have been determined and confirm the expected coordination environments. An array of intra- and intermolecular H-bonding contacts are also observed. All compounds have been characterized by a combination of spectroscopic and analytical studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)780-791
Number of pages12
JournalCandian Journal of Chemistry
Volume79
Publication statusPublished - May 2001

Keywords

  • phosphines
  • crystal structures
  • alcohols
  • precious metals
  • CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE
  • RHODIUM COMPLEXES
  • METAL-COMPLEXES
  • LIGANDS
  • CHEMISTRY
  • CATALYSIS
  • PLATINUM
  • TRIS(HYDROXYMETHYL)PHOSPHINE
  • HYDROFORMYLATION
  • PALLADIUM(II)

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