Supply chain regulation in Scottish social care: facilitators and barriers

Phil James*, Alina M. Baluch, Ian Cunningham, Anne Marie Cullen

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Drawing on a study of a Scottish government initiative to ensure the provision of a living wage to social care workers, the article sheds new light on the value of regulating domestic supply chains to enhance labour standards in supplier organisations, and the factors that facilitate and hinder such regulation. The study confirms that supply chains driven by monopsonistic purchasers tend to drive down employment conditions, while indicating that the studied initiative met with a good deal of success due to a combination of the government generated ‘soft’ regulation and support from care providers that reflected both value and pragmatic considerations. It also highlights the contradictory tensions that can arise between policy aspirations and business objectives and suggests that to be effective, initiatives to enhance labour standards in supply chains need to address adverse market dynamics.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1319-1339
    Number of pages21
    JournalEconomic and Industrial Democracy
    Issue number3
    Early online date15 Mar 2021
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2022


    • Living wage
    • Regulation
    • Social care
    • Supply chains


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