Supermassive black holes with high accretion rates in active galactic nuclei. XIII. Ultraviolet time lag of Hβ emission in Mrk 142

V Khatu*, S Gallagher, Keith Douglas Horne, Edward Michael Cackett, C Hu, S Pasquini, P Hall, J Wang, W Bian, Y Li, J Bai, Y Chen, P Du, M Goad, B Jiang, S Li, Y Songsheng, C Wang, M Xiao, Z Yu

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

We performed a rigorous reverberation-mapping analysis of the broad-line region (BLR) in a highly accreting (L/LEdd = 0.74–3.4) active galactic nucleus, Markarian 142 (Mrk 142), for the first time using concurrent observations of the inner accretion disk and the BLR to determine a time lag for the Hβ λ4861 emission relative to the ultraviolet (UV) continuum variations. We used continuum data taken with the Niel Gehrels Swift Observatory in the UVW2 band, and the Las Cumbres Observatory, Dan Zowada Memorial Observatory, and Liverpool Telescope in the g band, as part of the broader Mrk 142 multi-wavelength monitoring campaign in 2019. We obtained new spectroscopic observations covering the Hβ broad emission line in the optical from the Gemini North Telescope and the Lijiang 2.4-meter Telescope for a total of 102 epochs (over a period of eight months) contemporaneous to the continuum data. Our primary result states a UV-to-Hβ time lag of 8.68+0.75−0.72 days in Mrk 142 obtained from light-curve analysis with a Python-based Running Optimal Average algorithm. We placed our new measurements for Mrk 142 on the optical and UV radius-luminosity relations for NGC 5548 to understand the nature of the continuum driver. The positions of Mrk 142 on the scaling relations suggest that UV is closer to the “true” driving continuum than the optical. Furthermore, we obtain log(M/M) = 6.32 ± 0.29 assuming UV as the primary driving continuum.
Original languageEnglish
Article number127
Number of pages25
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume958
Issue number2
Early online date17 Nov 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2023

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