Superconducting gap and vortex lattice of the heavy-fermion compound CeCu2Si2

Mostafa Enayat, Zhixiang Sun, Ana Maldonado, Hermann Suderow, Silvia Seiro, Christoph Geibel, Steffen Wirth, Frank Steglich, Peter Wahl

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29 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

The order parameter and pairing mechanism for superconductivity in heavy-fermion compounds are still poorly understood. Scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy at ultralow temperatures can yield important information about the superconducting order parameter and the gap structure. Here, we study the first heavy-fermion superconductor, CeCu2Si2. Our data show the superconducting gap which is not fully formed and exhibits features that point to a multigap order parameter. Spatial mapping of the zero-bias conductance in magnetic field reveals the vortex lattice, which allows us to unequivocally link the observed conductance gap to superconductivity in CeCu2Si2. The vortex lattice is found to be predominantly triangular with distortions at fields close to ∼0.7Hc2.
Original languageEnglish
Article number045123
JournalPhysical Review. B, Condensed matter and materials physics
Volume93
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jan 2016

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