(Super-)cultural clustering explains gender differences too

Lynda G Boothroyd, Catharine P Cross

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debatepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The target paper shows how cultural adaptations to ecological problems can underpin "paradoxical" patterns of phenotypic variation. We argue: (1) Gendered social learning is a cultural adaptation to an ecological problem. (2) In evolutionarily novel environments, this adaptation generates arbitrary-gendered outcomes, leading to the paradoxical case of larger sex differences in more gender equal societies.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere156
JournalBrain and Behaviour
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 13 Sept 2022


  • Adaptation, physiological
  • Cluster analysis
  • Male
  • Female
  • Sex factors
  • Social learning
  • Humans


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