17O and 29Si NMR Parameters of MgSiO3 Phases from High-Resolution Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy and First-Principles Calculations

Sharon Elizabeth Ashbrook, A J Berry, D J Frost, A Gregorovic, C J Pickard, J E Readman, S Wimperis

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84 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Si-29 and O-17 NMR parameters of six polymorphs of MgSiO3 were determined through a combination of high-resolution solid-state NMR and first-principles gauge including projector augmented wave (GIPAW) formalism calculations using periodic boundary conditions. MgSiO3 is an important component of the Earth's mantle that undergoes structural changes as a function of pressure and temperature. For the lower pressure polymorphs (ortho-, clino-, and protoenstatite), all oxygen species in the O-17 high-resolution triple-quantum magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR spectra were resolved and assigned. These assignments differ from those tentatively suggested in previous work on the basis of empirical experimental correlations. The higher pressure polymorphs Of MgSiO3 (majorite, akimotoite, and perovskite) are stabilized at pressures corresponding to the Earth's transition zone and lower mantle, with perovskite being the major constituent at depths >660 km. We present the first O-17 NMR data for these materials and confirm previous 29Si work in the literature. The use of high-resolution multiple-quantum MAS (MQMAS) and satellite-transition MAS (STMAS) experiments allows us to resolve distinct oxygen species, and full assignments are suggested. The six polymorphs exhibit a wide variety of structure types, providing an ideal opportunity to consider the variation of NMR parameters (both shielding and quadrupolar) with local structure, including changes in coordination number, local geometry (bond distances and angles), and bonding. For example, we find that, although there is a general correlation of increasing O-17 chemical shift with increasing Si-O bond length, the shift observed also depends upon the exact coordination environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13213-13224
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume129
Issue number43
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2007

Keywords

  • QUANTUM MAS NMR
  • HYDROUS MAGNESIUM SILICATES
  • ANGLE-SPINNING NMR
  • QUADRUPOLAR NUCLEI
  • HIGH-PRESSURE
  • CHEMICAL-SHIFTS
  • WADSLEYITE BETA-MG2SIO4
  • LOCAL-STRUCTURE
  • TRANSITION
  • PEROVSKITE

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