Studies on the role of fluoride ion vs reaction concentration in zeolite synthesis

S I Zones, R J Darton, R Morris, S J Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This work is an experimental response to an intriguing paper recently published by Catlow and co-workers, which looked at the computational feasibility of fluorine location in three different all-silica zeotypes (Attfield, M. P.; Catlow, C. R. A.; Sokol, A. A. Chem. Mater. 2001, 13, 4708). The materials were chosen as representative of three unique host locations. Our present work examined the synthesis of zeotypes AST, IFR, and MTT using organo-cations with a strong preference for crystallizing these structures. We studied the effect of reaction time and the H2O/SiO2 reactant ratio. The latter is probably the most important function in these zeolite crystallizations that use HF. As reaction conditions became more dilute, AST gave way to SGT and IFR to MTW as host structures, while the MTT synthesis was invariant. Our reactions were studied in terms of product yield vs time, product organo-cation content, fluorine content, and the representative Si-29 and F-19 NMR spectra for certain samples. A single crystal study was carried out for a sample of MTT. Our results showed that, consistent with other recent studies, low H2O/SiO2 reactant ratios lead to more open framework host structures (i.e., IFR vs MTW), and there is typically a higher uptake of organo-cation and fluorine. The structure may well contain a higher population of 4-rings within the silicate substructure. While MTT that contains no 4-rings was chosen as the best possible candidate to achieve an ion-pair for the organocation and fluoride anion within the silicate host, both NMR and single crystal work confirm that fluoride is bonded to a 5-coordinate silica center within the lattice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)652-661
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume109
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jan 2005

Keywords

  • HIGH-SILICA ZEOLITES
  • X-RAY-DIFFRACTION
  • SOLID-STATE NMR
  • 5-COORDINATE SILICON
  • ORGANIC TEMPLATES
  • LOCATION
  • OCTADECASIL
  • FRAMEWORKS
  • POLYMORPH
  • CATIONS

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