Structure of Staphylococcus aureus 1,4-dihydroxy-2-naphthoyl-CoA synthase (MenB) in complex with acetoacetyl-CoA

Venkatasubramanian Ulaganathan, Mark F. Agacan, Lori Buetow, Lindsay B. Tulloch, William N. Hunter*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vitamin K-2, or menaquinone, is an essential cofactor for many organisms and the enzymes involved in its biosynthesis are potential antimicrobial drug targets. One of these enzymes, 1,4-dihydroxy-2-naphthoyl-CoA synthase (MenB) from the pathogen Staphylococcus aureus, has been obtained in recombinant form and its quaternary structure has been analyzed in solution. Cubic crystals of the enzyme allowed a low-resolution structure (2.9 angstrom) to be determined. The asymmetric unit consists of two subunits and a crystallographic threefold axis of symmetry generates a hexamer consistent with size-exclusion chromatography. Analytical ultracentrifugation indicates the presence of six states in solution, monomeric through to hexameric, with the dimer noted as being particularly stable. MenB displays the crotonase-family fold with distinct N- and C-terminal domains and a flexible segment of structure around the active site. The smaller C-terminal domain plays an important role in oligomerization and also in substrate binding. The presence of acetoacetyl-CoA in one of the two active sites present in the asymmetric unit indicates how part of the substrate binds and facilitates comparisons with the structure of Mycobacterium tuberculosis MenB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)908-913
Number of pages6
JournalActa Crystallographica. Section F, Structural biology and crystallization communications
Volume63
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2007

Keywords

  • GENES
  • ESCHERICHIA-COLI
  • ENZYME
  • SUPERFAMILY
  • MYCOBACTERIUM-TUBERCULOSIS
  • MENAQUINONE
  • IDENTIFICATION
  • BIOSYNTHESIS
  • ULTRACENTRIFUGATION
  • O-SUCCINYLBENZOATE

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