Structural Transformations and Adsorption of Fuel-Related Gases of a Structurally Responsive Nickel Phosphonate Metal-Organic Framework, Ni-STA-12

Stuart R Miller, Gordon M. Pearce, Paul A. Wright, Francesca Bonino, Sachin Chavan, Silvia Bordiga, Irene Margiolaki, Nathalie Guillou, Gerard Ferey, Sandrine Bourrelly, Philip L. Llewellyn

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155 Citations (Scopus)


The structure of the nickel N,N'-piperazinebismethylenephosphonate, Ni-STA-12 (St. Andrews porous material-12), has been determined in the hydrated (Ni2L center dot 8H(2)O, L = O3PCH2NC4H8NCH2PO3), partially dehydrated (Ni2L-2H(2)O), and fully dehydrated (Ni2L) forms from high-resolution synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction. The framework structures of Ni2L center dot 8H(2)O and Ni2L center dot 2H(2)O are almost identical (R (3) over bar, a = 27.8342(1) angstrom, c = 6.2421(2) angstrom; R (3) over bar, a = 27.9144(1) angstrom, c = 6.1655(2) angstrom) with additional physisorbed water of the as-prepared Ni-STA-112 present in an ordered hydrogen-bonded network in the channels. Ab initio structure solution of the fully dehydrated solid indicates it has changed symmetry to triclinic (P (1) over bar, a = 6.03475(5) angstrom, b = 14.9157(2) angstrom, c = 16.1572(2) angstrom, alpha = 112.5721(7)degrees, beta = 95.7025(11)degrees, gamma = 96.4950(11)degrees) as a result of a topotactic structural rearrangement. The fully dehydrated solid possesses permanent porosity with elliptical channels 8 angstrom x 9 angstrom in free diameter. The structural change results from the loss of water coordinated to the nickel cations, so that the nickel coordination changes from edge-sharing octahedral NiO5N to edge- and corner-sharing five-fold NiO4N. During this change, two out of three phosphonate groups rotate to become fully coordinated to nickel cations, leaving the remainder of the phosphonate groups coordinated to nickel cations by two oxygen atoms and with a P=O bond projecting into the channels. This transformation, which is completely reversible, causes substantial changes in both vibrational and electronic properties as shown by IR, Raman, and UV-visible spectroscopies. Complementary adsorption, calorimetric, and infrared studies of the probe adsorbates H-2, CO, and CO2 reveal the presence of several distinct adsorption sites in the solid, which are attributed to their interactions with nickel cations which are weak Lewis acid sites, as well as with P=O groups that project into the pores. At 304 K, the adsorption isotherms and enthalpies of adsorption on dehydrated Ni-STA-12 have been measured for CO2 and CH4: Ni-STA-12 gives adsorption uptakes of CO2 of 2.5 mmol g(-1) at 1 bar, an uptake ca. 10 times that of CH4.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15967-15981
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number47
Publication statusPublished - 26 Nov 2008


  • H2O


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