Structural, thermal and electrochemical properties of the layered perovskite SmBaCo2O5+d, a potential cathode material for intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells

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Abstract

The synthesis, conductivity properties, area specific resistance (ASR) and thermal expansion behaviour of the layered perovskite SmBaCo2O5+d (SBCO) are investigated for use as a cathode material for intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs). The SBCO is prepared and shows the expected orthorhombic pattern. The electrical conductivity of SBCO exhibits a metal-insulator transition at about 200 degrees C. The maximum conductivity is 570 S cm(-1) at 200 degrees C and its value is higher than 170 S cm(-1) over the whole temperature range investigated. Under variable oxygen partial pressure SBCO is found to be a p-type conductor. The ASR of a composite cathode (50 wt% SBCO and 50 wt% Ce0.9Gd0.1O2-d. SBCO:50) on a Ce0.9Gd0.1O2-d (CGO91) electrolyte is 0.05 Omega cm(2) at 700 degrees C. An abrupt increase in thermal expansion is observed in the vicinity of 320 degrees C and is ascribed to the generation of oxygen vacancies. The coefficients of thermal expansion (CTE) of SBCO is 19.7 and 20.0 x 10(-6) K-1 at 600 and 700 degrees C, respectively. By contrast, CTE values for SBCO:50 are 12.3, 12.5 and 12.7 x 10(-6) K-1 at 500, 600 and 700 degrees C, that is, very similar to the value of the CGO91 electrolyte. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)704-711
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume194
Issue number2
Early online date18 Jun 2009
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2009

Keywords

  • Layered perovskite
  • Solid oxide fuel cell
  • Cathode
  • Electrical conductivity
  • Area specific resistance
  • ELECTRICAL-PROPERTIES
  • PHASE-TRANSITION
  • SPIN-STATE
  • CONDUCTIVITY
  • GD
  • SM
  • DY
  • LNBACO(2)O(5+DELTA)
  • SYSTEM
  • PR

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