Structural insights into the adaptation of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) from Haloferax volcanii to a high-salt environment

E Morgunova, FC Gray, Stuart Andrew MacNeill, R Ladenstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The sliding clamp proliferating cell nuclear antigen ( PCNA) plays vital roles in many aspects of DNA replication and repair in eukaryotic cells and in archaea. Realising the full potential of archaea as a model for PCNA function requires a combination of biochemical and genetic approaches. In order to provide a platform for subsequent reverse genetic analysis, PCNA from the halophilic archaeon Haloferax volcanii was subjected to crystallographic analysis. The gene was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli and the protein was purified by affinity chromatography and crystallized by the vapour-diffusion technique. The structure was determined by molecular replacement and refined at 3.5 angstrom resolution to a final R factor of 23.7% (R-free = 25%). PCNA from H. volcanii was found to be homotrimeric and to resemble other homotrimeric PCNA clamps but with several differences that appear to be associated with adaptation of the protein to the high intracellular salt concentrations found in H. volcanii cells.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1081-1088
Number of pages8
JournalActa Crystallographica. Section D, Biological crystallography
Volume65
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2009

Keywords

  • FLAP ENDONUCLEASE-1
  • PYROCOCCUS-FURIOSUS
  • CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE
  • DNA-REPLICATION
  • SLIDING CLAMP
  • RECRUITMENT
  • PROTEINS
  • DYNAMICS
  • BINDING

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