Structural, electrochemical and magnetic characterization of the layered-type PrBa0.5Sr0.5Co2O5+δ perovskite

Abul Kalam Azad, John Thomas Sirr Irvine, Jung Kim

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Structural, electrical and magnetic properties of the layered cobaltite PrBa0.5Sr0.5Co2O5+δ have been investigated by means of neutron diffraction, electron diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis and SQUID magnetometry. Rietveld analysis of neutron diffraction data shows the ordered distribution of oxygen vacancies in [PrOδ] planes which doubles the lattice parameters from the simple perovskite cell parameter as a≈2ap and c≈2ap (ap is the cell parameter of the simple Perovskite) yielding tetragonal symmetry in the P4/mmm space group. On heating, above 573 K in air, structural rearrangement takes place and the structure can be defined as a≈ap and c≈2ap in the same space group. Oxygen occupancies have been determined as a function of temperature from neutron diffraction results. Initially (≥373 K), oxygen occupancy was increased and then decreased with increasing temperature. It was found that at 973 K the total oxygen loss is calculated about 0.265 oxygen/formula unit. Oxygen vacancy ordering was observed below 573 K, and the oxygen occupancy decreases as cell volume increases with increasing temperature. Area specific resistance (ASR) measurements show a resistance of 0.153 Ωcm2 and 0.286 Ωcm2 at 973 K and 923 K, respectively. On cooling, paramagnetic to ferromagnetic and an incomplete ferromagnetic to antiferromagnetic transition takes place. Different behaviours in field cooled and zero-field-cooled measurements leads to a coexistence of ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic order.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)268-274
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Early online date15 Mar 2014
Publication statusPublished - May 2014


  • Perovskite
  • Solid solution
  • Structure
  • Neutron powder diffraction
  • Magnetic properties


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