Structural diversity in tetrakis(4-pyridyl)porphyrin supramolecular building blocks

Manish Kumar Mishra, Hemant Choudhary, David B. Cordes, Steven Kelley, Robin Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


In memory of a pioneer in crystal engineering, Prof. Israel Goldberg, we report a series of new framework solids, based on the ligand tetrakis(4–pyridyl)porphyrin (TPyP). Spontaneous reactions of TPyP with seven different metal salts under liquid-liquid diffusion at ambient temperature show that the formation of ionic compounds is preferred to coordination polymers due to increased conformational freedom. Two coordination networks, {(HgI2)2(TPyP)}n·4nCHCl3∙2nTCE (TCE = 1,1,2,2–tetrachloroethane), and {(Ba(μ1,1–NCS)(μ1,1,3–NCS)(H2O)(MeCN))2(TPyP)}n·4nH2O, displayed a new isomeric form of the known [(HgI2)2(TPyP)] polymeric motif, and a two-dimensional honeycomb polymeric motif linked by hydrogen-bonding into a three dimensional moganite (mog) net, respectively. Four protonated porphyrinic salts, [H3TPyP][PF6]3∙0.5TCE, [H2TPyP][I3]2·2MeOH, [H4TPyP][UO2Cl4]2·6MeCN, and [H4TPyP][Th(NO3)6][NO3]2, were observed which hydrogen bond to give one- or two-dimensional networks, or in the case of [H4TPyP][UO2Cl4]2·6MeCN, a discrete dinuclear hydrogen-bonded complex. In one case, a neutral, hydrogen-bonded complex, Ce(NO3)3(MeOH)3(H2O)·TPyP·TCE·H2O, was formed which adopts a three-dimensional, self-penetrated variant of the face-centered cubic (fcc) network. These new structures represent hybrid organic-inorganic crystalline compounds in which the multidentate porphyrin units, having both hydrogen bonding, as well as coordination functionalities, are interlinked through the inorganic connectors into self-assembled three-dimensional architectures. This work shows the relative stability of noncovalently bound vs. coordination networks as well as the effective potential of the TPyP building block to construct supramolecular assemblies in the presence or absence of coordinating ions as linkers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3529-3542
JournalCrystal Growth & Design
Issue number6
Early online date19 Apr 2019
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jun 2019


  • Porphyrins
  • Coordination polymers
  • Topological analysis
  • Liquid-liquid diffusion
  • Hydrogen bonding


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