STRONG-FIELD AND INTEGRAL SPIN-LIGAND COMPLEXES OF THE CYTOCHROME BO QUINOL OXIDASE IN ESCHERICHIA-COLI MEMBRANE PREPARATIONS

M W CALHOUN, R B GENNIS, W John Ingledew, J C SALERNO

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The cytochrome bo-type terminal oxidase of Escherichia coli is an analogue of mammalian aa(3)-type cytochrome c oxidase. The catalytic core of both enzymes is a binuclear site containing a penta-coordinate heme (heme o or a(3)) and copper (Cu-B). Herein we report on UV-visible and magnetic properties of ligand complexes of the binuclear site of cytochrome be. Cyanide, sulfide, and azide react with the Fe3+-Cu2+ center to give EPR-detectable low-spin complexes, analogous to those formed by cytochrome aa(3). Analyses of the ligand fields of these complexes indicate that heme o has a single axial histidine ligand. Cyanide and azide react with the Fe3+-Cu2+ center to yield forms observable via UV-visible spectroscopy but not EPR. With formate and fluoride, cytochrome bo forms integral spin complexes similar to those of cytochrome aa(3). These complexes have UV-visible characteristics of high-spin species, but EPR spectra show features which appear to correspond to transitions within an integral spin multiplet. Cytochrome bo forms another integral spin complex with azide and NO which is nearly identical to the azide-NO species in cytochrome aa(3). This suggests that the binuclear centers of the two enzymes are quite similar.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-154
Number of pages12
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Protein Structure and Molecular Enzymology
Volume1206
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 18 May 1994

Keywords

  • EPR
  • CYTOCHROME OXIDASE
  • CYTOCHROME BO
  • (ESCHERICHIA-COLI)
  • ELECTRON-PARAMAGNETIC RESONANCE
  • COPPER BINUCLEAR CENTER
  • O UBIQUINOL OXIDASE
  • C-OXIDASE
  • HEME-COPPER
  • SPECTROSCOPIC CHARACTERIZATION
  • TERMINAL OXIDASE
  • EPR SPECTROSCOPY
  • NITRIC-OXIDE
  • AXIAL LIGAND

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