Status and change of the cryosphere in the extended Hindu Kush Himalaya region

Tobias Bolch, Joseph M. Shea, Shiyin Liu, Farooq M. Azam, Yang Gao, Stephan Gruber, Walter W. Immerzeel, Anil Kulkarni, Huilin Li, Adnan A. Tahir, Guoqing Zhang, Yinsheng Zhang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

206 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)


The cryosphere is defined by the presence of frozen water in its many forms: glaciers, ice caps, ice sheets, snow, permafrost, and river and lake ice. In the extended Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) region, including the Pamirs, Tien Shan and Alatua, the cryosphere is a key freshwater resource, playing a vital and significant role in local and regional hydrology and ecology. Industry, agriculture, and hydroelectric power generation rely on timely and sufficient delivery of water in major river systems; changes in the cryospheric system may thus pose challenges for disaster risk reduction in the extended HKH region.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Hindu Kush Himalaya Assessment
Subtitle of host publicationMountains, Climate Change, Sustainability and People
EditorsPhilippus Wester, Arabinda Mishra, Aditi Mukherji, Arun Bhakta Shrestha
ISBN (Electronic)9783319922881
ISBN (Print)9783319922874, 9783319950518
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jan 2019


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