Stabilising nonlinear travelling waves in pipe flow using time-delayed feedback

Tatsuya Yasuda, Dan Lucas

Research output: Working paperPreprint

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Abstract

We demonstrate the first successful non-invasive stabilisation of nonlinear travelling waves in a straight circular pipe using time-delayed feedback control (TDF). The main novelty in this work is in the application of a "multiple time-delayed feedback" (MTDF) approach, where several control terms are required to attenuate a broad range of unstable eigenfrequencies. We implement a gradient descent method to dynamically adjust the gain functions, Gi(t), in order to reduce the need for tuning a high dimensional parameter space. We consider the effect of the control terms via an approximate linear analysis and a frequency-domain analysis, which justifies the choice of MTDF parameters. By using an adaptive approach to setting the control gains, we advocate for a broad range of MTDF terms which are then free to find their own stabilising amplitudes for a given target solution, thereby removing trial and error when the instability of the target solution is unknown a'priori. This also enables travelling waves to be stabilised from generic turbulent states and with speculative starting parameters.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages25
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jun 2024

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