snRNP protein expression enhances the formation of Cajal bodies containing p80-coilin and SMN

Judith Elizabeth Sleeman, P Ajuh, AI Lamond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

133 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Splicing snRNPs (small nuclear ribonucleoproteins) are essential sub-units of the spliceosome. Here we report the establishment of stable cell lines expressing fluorescently tagged SmB, a core snRNP protein. Analysis of these stable cell lines has allowed us to characterize the nuclear pathway that leads to snRNP accumulation in nuclear speckles and has identified a limiting nucleolar step in the pathway that can be saturated by overexpression of Sm proteins. After nuclear import, newly assembled snRNPs accumulate first in a subset of Cajal bodies that contain both p80-coilin and the survival of motor neurons protein (SMN) and not in bodies that contain p80-coilin but lack SMN. Treatment of cells with leptomycin B (LMB) inhibits both the accumulation of snRNPs in nuclear bodies and their subsequent accumulation in speckles. The formation of Cajal bodies is enhanced by Sm protein expression and the assembly of new snRNPs. Formation of heterokaryons between HeLa cell lines expressing Sm proteins and primary cells that usually lack Cajal bodies results in the detection of Cajal bodies in primary cell nuclei. Transient over-expression of exogenous SmB alone is sufficient to induce correspondingly transient Cajal body formation in primary cells. These data indicate that the level of snRNP protein expression and snRNP assembly, rather than the expression levels of p80-coilin or SMN, may be a key trigger for Cajal body formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4407-4419
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Cell Science
Volume114
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2001

Keywords

  • snRNPs
  • Cajal bodies
  • SMN
  • p80-coilin
  • leptomycin B
  • SMALL NUCLEAR RIBONUCLEOPROTEINS
  • DISEASE GENE-PRODUCT
  • GREEN FLUORESCENT PROTEIN
  • COILED BODIES
  • SPLICING SNRNPS
  • HISTONE GENES
  • CDNA CLONING
  • HUMAN-CELLS
  • U1 SNRNA
  • RNA

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