Slingshot prominences above stellar X-ray coronae

Moira Mary Jardine, A.A. van Ballegooijen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a new model for the coronal structure of rapidly rotating solar-type stars. The presence of prominences trapped in co-rotation 2-5 stellar radii above the stellar surface has been taken as evidence that the coronae of these stars must be very extended. The observed surface magnetic fields, however, cannot contain X-ray emitting gas out to these distances. We present an alternative model: that these prominences are trapped in long thin loops embedded not in the X-ray corona, but in the wind. Above coronal helmet streamers, oppositely directed wind-bearing field lines reconnect to form closed loops, which then fill up with gas that was originally part of the wind. We demonstrate that static equilibria exist for these loops at a range of pressures and temperatures. The maximum loop height falls as the rotation rate increases, but rises as the loop temperature decreases. For a solar mass star with a rotation period of 0.5 d, whose X-ray corona extends 1 R-star above the surface, loops at temperatures of 10(4) K can extend out to 5 R-star.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1173-1179
Number of pages7
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume361
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Aug 2005

Keywords

  • stars : activity
  • stars : imaging
  • stars : individual : AB Dor
  • stars : rotation
  • stars : spots
  • RAPIDLY ROTATING STARS
  • XMM-NEWTON VIEW
  • AB-DORADUS
  • DIFFERENTIAL ROTATION
  • EXPLORER OBSERVATIONS
  • MAGNETIC TOPOLOGY
  • DOPPLER IMAGES
  • AR LACERTAE
  • 44I BOOTIS
  • COOL STARS

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