Single vortex-antivortex pair in an exciton-polariton condensate

Georgios Roumpos*, Michael D. Fraser, Andreas Loeffler, Sven Höfling, Alfred Forchel, Yoshihisa Yamamoto

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

157 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In a homogeneous two-dimensional system at non-zero temperature there can be no ordering of infinite range(1,2). However, for a Bose liquid under such conditions, a superfluid phase is predicted(3-5). Bound vortex-antivortex pairs dominate the thermodynamics and phase coherence properties in this superfluid regime. It is believed that several systems share this behaviour when the parameter describing their ordered state has two degrees of freedom(6). This theory has been tested for some of them(7-12), but there has been no direct experimental observation of a quasi-condensate that includes a bound vortex-antivortex pair. Here we present an experimental technique that can identify a single vortex-antivortex pair in a two-dimensional exciton-polariton condensate. The pair is generated through the inhomogeneous spot profile of the pumping laser, and is revealed in the time-integrated phase maps acquired using Michelson interferometry. Numerical modelling based on the open-dissipative Gross-Pitaevskii equation suggests that the pair evolution is distinctly different in this non-equilibrium system compared with atomic condensates(13).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-133
Number of pages5
JournalNature Physics
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011

Keywords

  • BOSE-EINSTEIN CONDENSATION
  • QUANTIZED VORTICES
  • MICROCAVITY
  • TRANSITION
  • SUPERFLUID
  • ARRAYS
  • GASES

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