Silicon isotopes in meteorites and planetary core formation

R.M.G. Armytage, R.B. Georg, P.S. Savage, H.M. Williams, A.N. Halliday

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

111 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The silicon (Si) isotope compositions of 42 meteorite and terrestrial samples have been determined using MC-ICPMS with the aim of resolving the current debate over their compositions and the implications for core formation. No systematic δSi differences are resolved between chondrites (δSi=-0.49±0.15‰, 2σ) and achondrites (δSi=-0.47±0.11‰, 2σ), although enstatite chondrites are consistently lighter (δSi=-0.63±0.07‰, 2σ) in comparison to other meteorite groups. The data reported here for meteorites and terrestrial samples display an average difference ΔSi=0.15±0.10‰, which is consistent within uncertainty with previous studies. No effect from sample heterogeneity, preparation, chemistry or mass spectrometry can be identified as responsible for the reported differences between current datasets. The heavier composition of the bulk silicate Earth is consistent with previous conclusions that Si partitioned into the metal phase during metal-silicate equilibration at the time of core formation. Fixing the temperature of core formation to the peridotite liquidus and using an appropriate metal silicate fractionation factor (ε∼0.89), the ΔSi value from this study indicates that the Earth core contains at least 2.5 and possibly up to 16.8wt% Si.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3662-3676
Number of pages15
JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Volume75
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2011

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