Si Vacancies in the 10-Angstom phase

Mark D Welch, Alison R Pawley, Sharon Elizabeth Ashbrook, H E Mason, Brian L Phillips

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Si-29 MAS NMR spectroscopy on samples of 10-angstrom phase synthesized from oxides (6.0 GPa/600 degrees C/400 h) and from partial transformation of talc (6.5 GPa/650 degrees C/12.5 h) reveals that this phase contains Q(2)-type Si sites in a ratio Q(3):Q(2) of 5.33:1. It is proposed that the Q(2) arise from adjacent vacancies in the tetrahedral sheets for which charge balance is most likely achieved by hydroxylation via a hydrogarnet-like substitution involving the formation of Q(2) silanol groups. Variable-contact-time Si-29 {H-1} CP/MAS NMR spectra of the talc/10-angstrom phase product support the assignment of Q(2) Si to the proposed SiO3(OH) groups. Electron microprobe analysis, including oxygen, gives the following empirical formula normalized to three Mg apfu and inferring a hydrogarnet component Si -> 4H associated with Si vacancies: Mg3Si3.83(8)O9.32(OH)(2.68).1.1(4)H2O. The observed Mg:Si indicates a significant Si deficiency relative to talc. Comparison of the Si-29 MAS NMR and microprobe data indicates that Si vacancies likely occur as single isolated entities, rather than as pairs or clusters, and that between 1 in 18 and 1 in 23 Si sites is vacant. The results suggest new and intriguing possibilities for the incorporation of excess H into the 10-angstrom phase and, potentially, other phyllosilicates under upper-mantle conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1707-1710
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Mineralogist
Volume91
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2006

Keywords

  • 10-A phase
  • Si vacancies
  • Si-29 NNMR spectroscopy
  • silanol
  • SYSTEM MGO-SIO2-H2O
  • ANGSTROM PHASE
  • 10-ANGSTROM PHASE
  • SI-29 NMR
  • SILICATES
  • TALC
  • TEMPERATURES
  • SUBDUCTION
  • PRESSURES
  • STABILITY

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