Sensitivity improvement in 5QMAS NMR Experiments Using FAM-N Pulses

Nasima Kanwal, Henri Colaux, Daniel M. Dawson, Yusuke Nishyama, Sharon E. Ashbrook

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)


The multiple-quantum magic-angle spinning (MQMAS) experiment is a popular choice for obtaining high-resolution solid-state NMR spectra of quadrupolar nuclei with half-integer spin quantum number. However, its inherently poor sensitivity limits its application in more challenging systems. In particular, the use of higher-order multiple-quantum coherences, which have the potential to provide higher resolution in the isotropic spectrum, results in a further decrease in sensitivity. Here we extend our recent work, which introduced an automated, high-throughput approach to generate amplitude-modulated composite pulses (termed FAM-N) to improve the efficiency of the conversion of three-quantum coherences, and explore the use of similar pulses in five-quantum MAS experiments. We consider three different approaches, and are able to demonstrate that all three provide good enhancements over single pulse conversion in all but the most extreme cases, and work well at a range of spinning rates. We show that FAM-N pulses are robust to variation in the quadrupolar coupling and rf nutation rate, demonstrating their applicability in multisite systems and systems where direct experimental optimisation of complex composite pulses is not feasible. This work will ease the implementation of higher-order MQMAS experiments and enable their application to materials and systems that were previously deemed to difficult to study.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalSolid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Early online date15 Mar 2019
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019


  • Five-quantum MAS
  • High-resolution NMR
  • Quadrupolar nuclei
  • Solid-state NMR spectroscopy


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