Sensing of explosive vapor by hybrid perovskites: effect of dimensionality

Jonathon Robert Harwell, James Michael Edward Glackin, N. J. L. K. Davis, Ross Neil Gillanders, D. Credington, Graham Turnbull, Ifor David William Samuel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lead halide perovskites are very promising materials for many optoelectronic devices. They are low cost, photostable, and strongly photoluminescent materials, but so far have been little studied for sensing. In this article, we explore hybrid perovskites as sensors for explosive vapor. We tune the dimensionality of perovskite films in order to modify their exciton binding energy and film morphology and explore the effect on sensing response. We find that tuning from the 3D to the 0D regime increases the PL quenching response of perovskite films to the vapor of dinitrotoluene (DNT)—a molecule commonly found in landmines. We find that films of 0D perovskite nanocrystals work as sensitive and stable sensors, with strong PL responses to DNT molecules at concentrations in the parts per billion range. The PL quenching response can easily be reversed, making the sensors reusable. We compare the response to several explosive vapors and find that the response is strongest for DNT. These results show that hybrid perovskites have great potential for vapor sensing applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number0771106
Number of pages9
JournalAPL Materials
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jul 2020

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