Self-Construction of Core-Shell and Hollow Zeolite Analcime Icositetrahedra: A Reversed Crystal Growth Process via Oriented Aggregation of Nanocrystallites and Recrystallization from Surface to Core

X.Y. Chen, M.H. Qiao, S.H. Xie, K.N. Fan, Wuzong Zhou, H.Y. He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

178 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Zeolite analcime with a core-shell and hollow icositetrahedron architecture was prepared by a one-pot hydrothermal route in the presence of ethylamine and Raney Ni. Detailed investigations on samples at different preparation stages revealed that the growth of the complex single crystalline geometrical structure did not follow the classic crystal growth route, i.e., a crystal with a highly symmetric morphology (such as polyhedra) is normally developed by attachment of atoms or ions to a nucleus. A reversed crystal growth process through oriented aggregation of nanocrystallites and surface recrystallization was observed. The whole process can be described by the following four successive steps. (1) Primary analcime nanoplatelets undergo oriented aggregation to yield discus-shaped particles. (2) These disci further assemble into polycrystalline microspheres. (3) The relatively large platelets grow into nanorods by consuming the smaller ones, and meanwhile, the surface of the microspheres recrystallizes into a thin single crystalline icositetrahedral shell via Ostwald ripening. (4) Recrystallization continues from the surface to the core at the expense of the nanorods, and the thickness of the monocrystalline shell keeps on increasing until all the nanorods are consumed, leading to hollow single crystalline analcime icositetrahedra. The present work adds new useful information for the understanding of the principles of zeolite growth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13305-13312
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume129
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2007

Keywords

  • FRACTAL NANOSTRUCTURES
  • SINGLE-CRYSTALS
  • MORPHOLOGY
  • ATTACHMENT
  • SUPERSTRUCTURES
  • SILICALITE-1
  • ORGANIZATION
  • MONOLITHS
  • CHEMISTRY
  • MECHANISM

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