Selection and appointment in international adjudication: insights from political science

Olof Larsson*, Theresa Squatrito, Øyvind Stiansen, Taylor St John

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)


This article summarizes insights from political science and empirical legal scholarship concerning selection and appointment of adjudicators to permanent international courts (ICs). This scholarship suggests that designers of ICs face challenging trade-offs in balancing judicial independence and accountability, as well as in promoting descriptive representation and necessary qualifications on the bench. The article considers different institutional design features related to appointment procedures: representation, reappointment, screening procedures and procedures for removing judges. Representation is discussed in a series of sections considering full or selective representation, voting rules and geographic and gender quotas and aspirational targets. Throughout, we draw on data on 24 ICs to illustrate the different appointment procedures and institutional features.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberidac014
Pages (from-to)134-148
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of International Dispute Settlement
Issue number2
Early online date17 Jun 2022
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jun 2022


  • Law
  • Political science and international relations


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